Special Coin of 2 euro, 2500 Year Anniversary of the Battle of Thermopylae and commemorative envelope with Feuillet, franked with the Fist Day Commemorative Postmark. The coin on it, is made by the National Mint of Greece in brilliant uncirculated quality.
The Hellenic Numismatic Programme of 2021 is scheduled to include the issuance of the following products:
I. €2 COMMEMORATIVE CIRCULATION COIN DEDICATED TO: “200 YEARS SINCE THE GREEK REVOLUTION” (maximum issue 1,470,000 pieces)
II. COLLECTOR COINS
€100 MINI GOLD PLUS COLLECTOR COIN DEDICATED TO: “GREEK MYTHOLOGY – THE OLYMPIAN GODS – APHRODITE” (maximum issue 1,200 pieces)
€50 MINI GOLD COLLECTOR COIN DEDICATED TO: “CULTURAL HERITAGE – THE PORTARA OF NAXOS” (maximum issue 1,500 pieces)
BLISTER PACK WITH A COLLECTOR SILVER €5 COIN DEDICATED TO: “ENVIRONMENT – ENDEMIC FLORA OF GREECE – CAMPANULA SAXATILIS” (maximum issue 5,000 pieces)
€5 SILVER COLLECTOR COIN DADICATED TO: “2021 POPULATION – HOUSING CENSUS” (maximum issue 2,000 pieces)
III. SPECIAL EDITIONS
BLISTER SET CONTAINING ALL EIGHT DENOMINATIONS OF 2021 GREEK EURO COINS DEDICATED TO: “TOURISM – NAXOS” (maximum issue 10,000 pieces)
2 EURO COMMEMORATIVE PROOF CIRCULATION COIN DEDICATED TO: “200 YEARS SINCE THE GREEK REVOLUTION” (maximum issue 10,000 pieces)
CARD BLISTER WITH A €2 COMMEMORATIVE BRILIANT UNCIRCULATED COIN DEDICATED TO: “200 YEARS SINCE THE GREEK REVOLUTION” (maximum issue 20,000 pieces)
“75 YEARS SINCE THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE NATIONAL RADIO FOUNDATION”.
The radio era was officially launched in Greece with the establishment of the National Radio Foundation (EIR) on 16 July 1945. Meanwhile, the Athens Radio Station, under the supervision of the Radio Broadcasting Service, had already begun transmitting from its Zappeion location in 1938. The station’s interlude signal “Tsompanakos” (shepherd’s tune) and opening message “Athens here” would reach ever-increasing audiences across Greece, as local stations were gradually set up in other cities. 1952 saw the launch of a “Second Programme”, focused on entertainment, while the “First Programme” remained primarily news-oriented. A “Third Programme”, unveiled in 1954, mainly broadcast classical music at first but, under the inspired direction of composer Manos Hadjidakis (1975-1982), evolved into a genuine culture hub. With the advent of television, EIR was renamed ‘National Radio and Television Foundation’ (ΕΙRΤ) and later ‘Hellenic Radio-Television’ (ΕRΤ), never failing to provide quality information and entertainment and playing an important role in shaping the cultural identity of contemporary Greece.
Hermes was the son of Zeus and the Pleiad Maia, daughter of Atlas. Born on Mt Kyllene, Hermes immediately showed signs of cunning resourcefulness, stealing Apollo’s cattle and promptly crafting the first lyre to appease him. Known as dolios, i.e. the schemer, Hermes was the divine trickster and patron of thieves. But, above all, he was the herald of the gods, which is why he was traditionally depicted wearing winged shoes, sporting a petasos (a broad-brimmed hat worn by travellers) and holding a caduceus. As psychopompos (i.e. conveyor of souls), he guided the souls of the deceased to the underworld. He was the protector of shepherds, tradesmen, as well as travellers. In fact, the road markers of the ancient Greeks were called herms, i.e. rectangular shafts topped by the head of hodios Hermes (i.e. Hermes of the roads). Given his additional status as patron of athletes, statues of him often adorned gymnasiums and stadiums. His varied roles, together with his playfulness, made Hermes the friendliest of the Olympian gods.
The ancient city of Messene was built in 369 BC at the foot of mount Ithomi, sacred to the Messenians, after the Spartans had suffered a crushing defeat to the Thebans under Epameinondas at the battle of Leuktra (371 BC), which led to the Messenians’ liberation. The city was surrounded by a 9.5 km-long fortification wall, with two gates, the Laconian and the Arcadian. Although the former no longer stands, the latter is now the site’s emblematic monument, winning a Europa Nostra Diploma in 2005 for its excellent restoration. Archaeological excavations, first launched in the late 19th century and resumed since 1986 under Professor Petros Themelis, include a vast programme of impressive restorations. These allow the visitor to form a vivid and accurate picture of the most important public buildings, including the Arsinoe fountain, the Asclepieion building complex, the stadium with the mausoleum of the Saithidae family, the gymnasium, the theatre and the odeon (also called ecclesiasterion, i.e. assembly hall).
SILVER COIN 5 EURO DEDICATED TO 150 YEARS SINCE THE BIRTH OF THEOPHILOS. Folk painter Theophilos Hatzimihail (1870-1934) was born in Vareia, on the island of Lesvos, and was essentially self-taught, apart from elements of painting learned from his grandfather, an icon painter. He left for Smyrna at a young age, but spent most of his life in Volos and villages of Mt Pelion, before returning to Lesvos in 1927. His themes are inspired from Greek history and mythology, Byzantine art, folk life and tradition, as well as from landscapes of his native island. He lived in poverty, often decorating the walls of houses and shops for a pittance. He was frequently the target of mockery for wearing the national Greek costume (fustanella) and an ancient Greek helmet. In 1928, he was discovered by art critic and collector Stratis Eleutheriadis (Teriade), who purchased several of Theophilos’s paintings and commissioned other works for a large exhibition in Paris. The exhibition, which took place in 1936, after the painter’s death, was an enormous success. A retrospective exhibition at the Louvre followed in 1961.
After the end of World War I and the Treaty of Neuilly (1919), Western Thrace was ceded to Greece. In 1920, the Greek army triumphantly entered Thrace, which has since been an integral part of the Greek state. The national side of the coin replicates an ancient coin of the thracian city of Abdera, featuring a griffin.
The first collectible medal “PRECURSOR” of the Numismatics Program regarding the 200th anniversary of Greek Revolution of 1821. Folk painter’s Theophilos Hatzimihail painting “Greece Reborn” is depicted on the “PRECURSOR”. The painting by Theophilos is painted on cardboard and dates from 1911. It is based on an earlier lithograph (c.1840) and depicts Greece as “ancient” in a long red cloak standing among ancient ruins but also as “Christian” since everything is taking place under the “all-seeing eye” of God while the angels are praising. Two emblematic figures of the pre-Revolution Hellenism are supporting Greece: Adamantios Korais and Rigas Velestinlis. The medal is composed of 3 parts, which are connected with a blue polymeric ring.