“75 YEARS SINCE THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE NATIONAL RADIO FOUNDATION”.
The radio era was officially launched in Greece with the establishment of the National Radio Foundation (EIR) on 16 July 1945. Meanwhile, the Athens Radio Station, under the supervision of the Radio Broadcasting Service, had already begun transmitting from its Zappeion location in 1938. The station’s interlude signal “Tsompanakos” (shepherd’s tune) and opening message “Athens here” would reach ever-increasing audiences across Greece, as local stations were gradually set up in other cities. 1952 saw the launch of a “Second Programme”, focused on entertainment, while the “First Programme” remained primarily news-oriented. A “Third Programme”, unveiled in 1954, mainly broadcast classical music at first but, under the inspired direction of composer Manos Hadjidakis (1975-1982), evolved into a genuine culture hub. With the advent of television, EIR was renamed ‘National Radio and Television Foundation’ (ΕΙRΤ) and later ‘Hellenic Radio-Television’ (ΕRΤ), never failing to provide quality information and entertainment and playing an important role in shaping the cultural identity of contemporary Greece.
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Conquering the moon was one of man’s oldest dreams, from Lucian to Jules Verne. On 20 July 1969, the United States space mission Apollo 11 is crowned with success, achieving the goal set by President Kennedy in 1961. The lunar module Eagle, with Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin aboard, lands on the moon, while Michael Collins remains in orbit on command module Columbia. Armstrong is the first to step out onto the lunar surface, taking “one small step for a man, a giant leap for mankind”, as he famously uttered. The astronauts collected lunar material and planted the American flag and a plaque that read “Here men from the planet Earth first set foot upon the moon. July 1969 A.D. We came in peace for all mankind”. The three astronauts returned to Earth on 24 July 1969.
The obverse of the coin is inspired by Lucian’s description of the view of the earth from the moon which is written on the reverse of the coin.
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Greece has a rich tradition in mathematics since
antiquity, with such figures as Thales, Pythagoras, Euclid and Archimedes. By decision of the Ministry of Education, 2018 has been declared Year of Mathematics to celebrate the centennial of the Hellenic Mathematical Society (HMS). Founded in 1918 in Athens with the mission of promoting the discipline and continuously improving mathematical education, the HMS today counts more than 15,000 members and 34 regional branches, with a notable contribution to the advancement of science and culture. To achieve its mission, the HMS conducts a range of activities, such as the organisation of training programmes, the annual national conference on mathematical education and three annual national mathematical competitions, the winners of which form the national team that represents Greece in the Balkan and International Mathematical Olympiads. The HMS also publishes a number of journals, as well as selected mathematical books by Greek and foreign authors.
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