Belgium, 2 euro commemorative coin 2020, International Year of Plant Health (IYPH). Plant health is increasingly under threat. Climate change and human activities have altered ecosystems, reducing biodiversity and creating new niches where pests can thrive. At the same time, international travel and trade, which have tripled in volume in the last decade, can quickly spread pests and diseases around the world, causing great damage to native plants and the environment. To draw attention to these problem the UN declared 2020 to be the International Year of Plant Health (IYPH). Max. mintage: 150,000
Finland’s national landscapes symbolise the Finnish character and have a generally recognised significance in Finland’s national culture, history and perception of nature. The obverse of the Finnish National Landscape Koli coin depicts the view from the summit of Koli. The commemorative coin is designed by Erkki Vainio on the basis of a photograph taken by Juha-Pekka Jarvenpaa.
The design shows three circular fields that are joined together at the centre. The three fields represent the trias politica, separation of powers into three different branches: a legislative, an executive, and a judiciary power. The year of issuance ‘2019’ is placed centre left. The indication of the issuing country ‘FI’ and the mint mark are placed bottom right.
Estonia, 2 euro Commemorative Coin 2020, dedicated to the centenary of the Tartu Peace Treaty. The Tartu Peace Treaty was signed between Estonia and Soviet Russia on 2 February 1920 in Tartu, and it fixed the eastern border of Estonia, bringing an end to the War of Independence.
Estonia, 2 euro Commemorative Coin 2020. This year is the 200th anniversary of the discovery of Antarctica. This important historical event is linked to Estonia because one of the first men to see Antarctica in 1820 was the Baltic German seafarer Fabian Gottlieb Benjamin von Bellingshausen, who was born in Saaremaa and who documented the discovery.
The Ministry of Finance of Greece has announced the Hellenic Numismatic Programme of 2020 which shall include the issue of the following products:
I. COMMEMORATIVE CIRCULATION COINS
- €2 COMMEMORATIVE CIRCULATION COIN DEDICATED TO: “2,500 YEARS SINCE THE BATTLE OF THERMOPYLAE” (maximum issue 735,000 pieces)
- €2 COMMEMORATIVE CIRCULATION COIN DEDICATED TO: “100 YEARS SINCE THE UNION OF THRACE WITH GREECE” (maximum issue 743,000 pieces)
II. COLLECTOR COINS
- €200 GOLD COIN DEDICATED TO: “THE PERSIAN WARS” (maximum issue 750 pieces)
- €100 MINI GOLD PLUS COIN DEDICATED TO: “GREEK MYTHOLOGY – THE OLYMPIAN GODS – HERMES” (maximum issue 1,200 pieces)
- €50 MINI GOLD COIN DEDICATED TO: “CULTURAL HERITAGE – ANCIENT MESSENE” (maximum issue 1,500 pieces)
- €10 SILVER COIN DEDICATED TO: “EUROPA STAR 2020 – GOTHIC” (maximum issue 5,000 pieces)
- €10 SILVER COIN DEDICATED TO: “2,500 YEARS SINCE THE BATTLE OF SALAMIS” (maximum issue 3,000 pieces)
- €10 SILVER COIN DEDICATED TO: “2,500 YEARS SINCE THE BATTLE OF THERMOPYLAE” (maximum issue 3,000 pieces)
- €6 MINI SILVER COIN DEDICATED TO: “75 YEARS SINCE THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE NATIONAL RADIO FOUNDATION” (maximum issue 1,200 pieces)
- €5 SILVER COIN DEDICATED TO: “MYRTIS” (maximum issue 2,500 pieces)
- BLISTER PACK WITH A COLLECTOR SILVER €5 COIN DEDICATED TO: “150 YEARS SINCE THE BIRTH OF THEOPHILOS” (maximum issue 5,000 pieces)
- BLISTER PACK WITH A COLLECTOR SILVER €5 COIN DEDICATED TO: “ENVIRONMENT – ENDEMIC FLORA OF GREECE – IRIS HELLENICA” (maximum issue 5,000 pieces)
- CARD BLISTER WITH A COLLECTOR SILVER €5 COIN DEDICATED TO: “CENTENARY OF THE ATHENS UNIVERSITY OF ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS” (maximum issue 6,000 pieces)
III. SPECIAL EDITIONS
- BLISTER SET CONTAINING ALL EIGHT DENOMINATIONS OF 2020 GREEK EURO COINS DEDICATED TO: “GREEK TOURISM – LESVOS” (maximum issue 10,000 pieces)
- €2 COMMEMORATIVE PROOF CIRCULATION COIN DEDICATED TO: “2,500 YEARS SINCE THE BATTLE OF THERMOPYLAE” (maximum issue 5,000 pieces)
- €2 COMMEMORATIVE PROOF CIRCULATION COIN DEDICATED TO: “100 YEARS SINCE THE UNION OF THRACE WITH GREECE” (maximum issue 2,000 pieces)
- CARD BLISTER WITH A €2 COMMEMORATIVE BRILIANT UNCIRCULATED COIN DEDICATED TO: “2,500 YEARS SINCE THE BATTLE OF THERMOPYLAE” (maximum issue 10,000 pieces)
- CARD BLISTER WITH A €2 COMMEMORATIVE BRILIANT UNCIRCULATED COIN DEDICATED TO: “100 YEARS SINCE THE UNION OF THRACE WITH GREECE” (maximum issue 5,000 pieces)
In the past, Belgium designed and brought to market a large number of €2 commemorative coins. These issuances mostly involved a combination of circulation coins and higher-quality collectors’ coins. In recent years however Belgium has been faced with a large stock of €2 coins in the Public Treasury. Therefore, it would be difficult to reconcile the production and distribution of new commemorative coins with the fact that there still is a huge existing stock of coins. This would go against the principle of efficiency held in high regard throughout the euro area. The issuance of €2 commemorative coins is not an obligation. Every country is free to issue two such coins per year, after going through an acceptance process.
Belgium has nevertheless decided to issue new €2 coins, but for the time being only as a collector’s item in a coin card. This means that the coins are not put into circulation, although they are €2 coins that are recognized as legal tender in the entire euro area. Their design has been approved at a European level and adequate royal decrees have been issued as a legal basis for these coins.
A similar situation was this year in France. France has issued in 2019 a commemorative 2 euro coin dedicated to the 60th birthday of Asterix. The commemorative 2 euro coin dedicated to Asterix will be minted only for collectors, up to 300,000 coins for the BU version in three different coincards, plus 10,000 coins for the proof version. This very low mintage for a commemorative €2 coin is the result of the European Commission and the European Central Bank recommendations. To their point of view, circulation and commemorative €2 coins should be put into circulation as soon as possible, just after after the strike, in order to avoid the accumulation of large stocks of new coins, as in the past.
Since the french Mint still has a significant stock of 2 euro circulation coins from previous years, it was therefore decided to mint 2019 commemorative coin in BU and proof condition, only for the collectors market.
On Tuesday, 17 September, Latvijas Banka is issuing a 2 euro commemorative coin “The Rising Sun” dedicated to the history of the Coat of Arms of Latvia. At the same time, by this coin we shall also pay tribute to AnsisCīrulis (1883–1942) artistic contribution that has been included in the Latvian Cultural Canon.
The motif of a rising sun was very popular at the time of the foundation of the Latvian state. The rising sun symbolised the new country. With the help of artist Ivars Drulle, the sun motif created by artist AnsisCīrulis and emerging as one of the basic elements of the Coat of Arms of Latvia has reborn into the commemorative coin “The Rising Sun”.
The graphic design and plaster model of the national side of the new commemorative coin has been created by artist Ivars Drulle, while the common side of the coin bearing the nominal value (artist Luc Luycx) is the same as that of other 2 euro circulation coins, including material and size.
Greece – 2 Euro, Archeological site of Philippi, 2017 (proof)
Philippi was a city in eastern Macedonia, in the Edonis region. Its original name was Crenides after its establishment by Thasian colonists in 360/359 BC. The city was renamed by Philip II of Macedon in 356 BC and abandoned in the 14th century after the Ottoman conquest. The present municipality, Filippoi, is located near the ruins of the ancient city and is part of the region of East Macedonia and Thrace in Kavalla, Greece. It was made a World Heritage Site in 2016.