Belgium, 2 euro commemorative coin 2020, International Year of Plant Health (IYPH). Plant health is increasingly under threat. Climate change and human activities have altered ecosystems, reducing biodiversity and creating new niches where pests can thrive. At the same time, international travel and trade, which have tripled in volume in the last decade, can quickly spread pests and diseases around the world, causing great damage to native plants and the environment. To draw attention to these problem the UN declared 2020 to be the International Year of Plant Health (IYPH). Max. mintage: 150,000
Finland’s national landscapes symbolise the Finnish character and have a generally recognised significance in Finland’s national culture, history and perception of nature. The obverse of the Finnish National Landscape Koli coin depicts the view from the summit of Koli. The commemorative coin is designed by Erkki Vainio on the basis of a photograph taken by Juha-Pekka Jarvenpaa.
The design shows three circular fields that are joined together at the centre. The three fields represent the trias politica, separation of powers into three different branches: a legislative, an executive, and a judiciary power. The year of issuance ‘2019’ is placed centre left. The indication of the issuing country ‘FI’ and the mint mark are placed bottom right.
Estonia, 2 euro Commemorative Coin 2020, dedicated to the centenary of the Tartu Peace Treaty. The Tartu Peace Treaty was signed between Estonia and Soviet Russia on 2 February 1920 in Tartu, and it fixed the eastern border of Estonia, bringing an end to the War of Independence.
Estonia, 2 euro Commemorative Coin 2020. This year is the 200th anniversary of the discovery of Antarctica. This important historical event is linked to Estonia because one of the first men to see Antarctica in 1820 was the Baltic German seafarer Fabian Gottlieb Benjamin von Bellingshausen, who was born in Saaremaa and who documented the discovery.
In Luxembourg, the universal right to vote and stand in elections was introduced on 26 October 1919 — even though Luxembourg did not have a powerful feminist movement before the First World War. Before that date, the right to vote was subject to a property qualification and only 25% of men had the right to take part in elections.
However, notwithstanding that right, the active participation of women in politics developed very slowly.
Only one woman managed to enter Parliament in the first general election in 1919. Between 1931 and 1965, the Chamber of Deputies no longer had any female member. In 1967, the first woman entered the Luxembourg government.
Following the 2009 parliamentary elections, women accounted for only 20% of elected MPs and 27% of ministers. Following the 2011 municipal elections, 4 out of 5 seats on municipal councils are held by men.
Luxembourg was one of the first countries to grant women the right to vote. Where do we stand one hundred years on? In the national elections held on 14 October 2018, 12 of the 60 directly elected members of the Chamber of Deputies (Chambre des Députés) were women. With the inauguration of the new government in December 2018, the Luxembourg parliament now boasts 15 female members. Luxembourg ranks 69th worldwide in terms of gender equality in parliament.
The design of the new 2 euro coin shows on the left hand the effigy of His Royal Highness, the Grand Duke Henri, and on the right hand a ballot box where a ballot paper is being inserted by a hand. At the bottom is the name of the issuing country ‘LUXEMBOURG’. At the top, in semi-circle form is the inscription ‘Centenaire du suffrage universel’ (Centenary of the universal suffrage) and underneath the inscription ‘1919 – 2019’, the latter being the year of issuance.
On Tuesday, 17 September, Latvijas Banka is issuing a 2 euro commemorative coin “The Rising Sun” dedicated to the history of the Coat of Arms of Latvia. At the same time, by this coin we shall also pay tribute to AnsisCīrulis (1883–1942) artistic contribution that has been included in the Latvian Cultural Canon.
The motif of a rising sun was very popular at the time of the foundation of the Latvian state. The rising sun symbolised the new country. With the help of artist Ivars Drulle, the sun motif created by artist AnsisCīrulis and emerging as one of the basic elements of the Coat of Arms of Latvia has reborn into the commemorative coin “The Rising Sun”.
The graphic design and plaster model of the national side of the new commemorative coin has been created by artist Ivars Drulle, while the common side of the coin bearing the nominal value (artist Luc Luycx) is the same as that of other 2 euro circulation coins, including material and size.
Saint Mark’s Basilica is the cathedral church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Venice, northern Italy. It is the most famous of the city’s churches and one of the best known examples of Italo-Byzantine architecture. It lies at the eastern end of the Piazza San Marco, adjacent and connected to the Doge’s Palace. Originally it was the chapel of the Doge, and has only been the city’s cathedral since 1807, when it became the seat of the Patriarch of Venice, archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Venice, formerly at San Pietro di Castello.
The United Nations General Assembly approved the adoption of 2017 as the International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development. The idea of sustainable Tourism indicates a kind of travelling that respects the planet, it doesn’t alter the natural, social and artistic environment and it doesn’t inhibit the growth of social and economic activities. It is a kind of tourism opposite to mass tourism and it tends to promote the weakest economies.